Indoor Houseplant Varieties

Indoor houseplant varieties vary as much as their owners do. However, there are really only five major categories of houseplants. The first is the flowering traditional varieties. These include some of the more exotic plants like rare orchids but also include simple bulbs planted in the winter and forced into bloom. The second category is the cactus and succulents. The third category of houseplants is plants used for the beauty of their foliage.

Bonsai plants make up the fourth category of houseplants. Finally, there are practical houseplants. These plants provide herbs and vegetables for dinner. Some of the plants fit into several categories.

Flowering Houseplant Varieties

You often think of orchids, African violets and tea roses of immediately when someone mentions a flowering houseplant, but there are many other types of flowering plants. The primrose, primula L. and cyclamen provide a wealth of beauty in their season. While experts debate over the classification, traditionally both come from the Primulaceae family. The beautiful bright colors of the azalea are perfect when you want to give someone a flowering houseplant or add color to your own home.

Other flowering houseplants include forced bulbs such as amaryllis, daffodils, hyacinths and tulips. Other flowering plants, which are welcomed as gifts or simply as a purchase to lift the spirits includes begonias, Peace lilies, Christmas cactus, bromeliads, poinsettias, and kalanchoe just to name a few. While the Kalanchoes and Christmas cactus fit into the category of cactus and succulents, often bromeliads are also included in the group. However, they also are flowering and deserve to be in both categories.

Some flowering plants work for their living. These include the insectivorous plants. Insectivorous plants help themselves to any bugs that make their way into your home. The Venus flytrap is probably the best known of theses types.

Cactus and Succulents

Many people love cactus gardens as an indoor houseplant varieties because of their easy maintenance. As mentioned earlier, cactus can beflowering also. Many people include bromeliads in their cactus and succulent garden. These pitcher shaped plants tend to be drought tolerant. Other species in the cactus and succulent family such as the prickly pear cactus, have beautiful flowers and interesting shapes. One plant that fits in the succulent category serves another purpose besides beauty and display. It is the aloe. The juice of the aloe leaf helps heal burns quickly.

Foliage Plants

Often houseplants provide a splash of green and the illusion of the outdoors for the interior of the home. These are foliage plants. Foliage plants don’t all have to be green. The coleus is one that has a brightly variegated leaf. Some foliage plants for the home include elephant ears, the zebra plant, Joseph’s coat, bamboo, dragon’s tree and philodendron.

Bonsai Trees

These beautiful creations are artworks of their own. People often spend years creating their bonsai tree or may purchase one already trained. These aren’t for the casual houseplant owner since they often require more knowledge for long-term care.

Vegetables, Fruits and Herbs

Growing herbs in the house and vegetables has become popular today as one of the indoor houseplant varieties. Small herb gardens for the kitchen window serve as decoration as well as a cooking aid. Lemon trees with their waxy leaves and chili pepper plants often provide a splash of color as a decorative addition that also might provide the owner with a bounty of edibles.